Hawaii’s diverse natural scenery, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, oceanic surroundings, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists. Because of its central location in the Pacific and 19th-century labor migration, Hawaii’s culture is strongly influenced by North American and Asian cultures, in addition to its indigenous Hawaiian culture. Hawaii has over a million permanent residents, along with many visitors and U.S. military personnel. Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu.
The state of Hawaii derives its name from the name of its largest island, Hawai'i. A common Hawaiian explanation of the name of Hawai'i is that was named for Hawai'iloa, a legendary figure from Hawaiian myth. He is said to have discovered the islands when they were first settled.